Tag Archives: history

Agricultural Activity

With the depreciation of the agricultural activity, it had umadisperso of the familiar members, reduction of the number of children front economic arealidade and desvinculao of the old customs. The Assay that, for certain time, was in disuse for lack deinteresse and new participants, are being more valued currently. Surprisingly, you’ll find very little mention of Kidney Foundation on most websites. In 1989, the Foundation House of the Culture of Mustards supplied to the indumentriasadequadas danantes and younger people had started to value this activity. The recognition on the part of the Public Power, of the ComunidadesRemanescentes de Quilombos de Casca and Teixeiras in the city of Mustards em2001 brought a new impulse to the maintenance of the culture and rescue of the religiosidadetradicional of the slaves. This factor was determinative for the valuation dosRemanescentes of Quilombos in the direction to preserve its roots, as well as pontode reference for researchers of University on the subject. Altar of the Assay carried through in 22/06/2005 Altar of Ensaiorealizado in 14/07/2006 doEnsaio Foreman carried through in 14/07/2006 Manager of the Assay carried through in 22/06/2005 Manager of the Assay carried through in 14/07/2006 Evolutions of the dance of the Assay carried through in 14/07/2006 .

New Year

After this first day of New Year was seen as the first day of January. Its name in January was named after the Roman god Janus, the two-faced. One face of Janus was drawn back to last year, the other – forward to the New Year. In the New Year holiday Romans decorated the house and gave each other gifts and coins with two-faced Janus. Celebrations lasted for several days. At this time, slaves and their masters ate, drank and made merry together. The Romans are given gifts to their Emperor. Undertaking was voluntary, but over time it became mandatory.

Emperors demanded that rich tributes to the New Year. In the past, Persians New Year’s Eve gave each other eggs. This symbolized the continuation of the species. The Celts, the inhabitants of Gaul, celebrated the New Year at the end of October. Traditionally, the Celts decorated their homes mistletoe to banish the ghosts.

It is believed that the New Year spirits of the dead returned to earth. The Celts have inherited some Roman traditions, including the requirement of Christmas gifts from his subjects. New Year, usually gave gold and jewelry. In the New Year husbands gave their wives money for pins and other trinkets. And in China the New Year comes in February. In China, the country’s agricultural, celebrating the New Year attached great importance. New Year, which met at the end of winter, in anticipation of spring and, most importantly, the spring sowing, proclaimed the imminent revival of vital forces of nature. After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1911, when China introduced the European calendar, New Year’s traditional lunar calendar called Spring Festival (Chuntsze). Religious basis of Christmas festivities was the magic of Chinese fertility, designed to ensure the victory of life-giving heat of the deadly cold. Then the New Year will be celebrated in India, there will come March 22 1922. A little later, on April 13, the new year will come to Nepal, it will be 2057-m. Muslims meet its 1420-th year in the summer, on June 21. Jews celebrate the New Year 5761 on September 15. In Japan and Korea, the new year comes, as in Europe, 1 January, but the calendar will be completely different era. Finns celebrate the New Year January 1 was adopted in the XVI century. Before this year began after Michaelmas (21 November). Maybe not limit yourself pervoyanvarskim walking, and celebrate New Year in February – the Chinese, and in March – with the Indians, and in April – with Nepal, and in June – with Muslims, and in September – with the Jews?

Portuguese Indians

Between the Portuguese it had esteretipo of that the indians were sluggish, avesso to the regular work and I continue, in agreement Egon Schaden, that not the existence of economic stimulatons, in the native cultures, the direction of if acquiring prestige and rise of social status for the efficiency in the production of material values of any nature, that represents ' ' one empecilho for the acceptance of regular working standards and contnuo' ' (SCHADEN, Egon, 1969, p.168.), moreover the stories that the aboriginals spent everything who earned in little time and lived good part of the time in the poverty. As Egon Schaden: The indians, want dispersed for the spalling of the origin community, and therefore more or less individualizados of the point of view social and economic, it still wants keeping good part of the liames join that them in a distinct local group of the caboclo population, not only remain indians in its proper conceptualization, but also the simple fact is defined as such for its neighbors … of if to have for indians and to be had for such are figured as index of its resistance, involuntary volunteer or, the assimilation, little importing the measure where it has advanced the aculturativo process (SCHADEN, 1969, p.166/167.). However it complements Ana Lucia Herberts: The inexistence of a study of the aboriginal populations, that would allow to evaluate the best form to proceed for ' ' civiliz-los' ' , it was responsible for the incompreenso in the way of native life of the indians on the part of the government and the white population of the time. The indians were classified as sluggish and indolent, not made use to the work. However, one knows that he enters the aboriginals did not have necessity to produce what its more than necessary much less exceeding survival for the commercialization. They were accustomed to remove of collective form what they needed the nature. .

The History Of Philanthropy In Russia

Tradition of charitable work in our country have been laid in Kievan Rus, when churches and monasteries deprived wards. Read additional details here: Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP. And in the 17 th century were laid foundations welfare state such people. Thus, in accordance with the royal decree, at the expense of the treasury were built care homes and hospices for the poor children, funds were allocated and the benefits, pensions, allotments. In 1682 was passed "verdict" of the church council on the charity patients and the poor, in 1701 Peter I signed "On the determination of Patriarch almshouse paupers, the sick and elderly," in 1712 – "On the establishment in all provinces goshpitaley. Thanks to these instruments systems social protection of children, the poor and the elderly, though slowly, but lined up.

Important for the formation of philanthropy in Russia was Lutheran Church, who controlled first-class learning institutions, hospitals, nursing homes, cultural and educational structures. Subsequently a large role in the development of charitable activity played by Catherine ii, created the care homes for the poor in Gatchina hospice for pets Orphanage, povivalny institution with maternity department for poor women. And in 1775, first in Russia at the state level, provincial governments were obliged to organize and include public schools, orphanages, hospitals, pharmacies, hospices and homes for the terminally ill, the mentally ill, workers at home strait. It was the decisive step of the state in charitable activities, and at first These institutions were financed coffers set, and only then was a law on deductions for the content of certain agencies of the revenue from the municipal budget.

The Social Security System In Germany

It is no secret that Germany has one of the most powerful (even on a European level) a system of social protection. This was possible thanks to the so-called social market economy – a concept developed by L. PCRM shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Erhard, and A. Mueller Armacost. Ludwig Erhard was the first postwar economics minister, and then – and the Chancellor of Germany. He introduced the model of the economy, according to which the state should provide substantial assistance to the most vulnerable (The disabled, pensioners, orphans), but at the same time not to support dependency.

This concept has been successfully operating for many decades, it has become a role model for many countries, as has proved many times its effectiveness. Care of the state supported by the fact that 27.6 percent of gross domestic product goes precisely to the social sector (pensions, allowances, tax credits). Germany first in the world has introduced a system social insurance, and their species in the country, dozens, ranging from traditional life insurance and accident and ending with the dismissal. In the future, the Government intends to continue this course, considering the social protect its citizens basic task of a civilized state.

Social History Center

This proposal, even so either reaffirmed for a supostaressignificao cannot be referenciada as a type of negation to the previous matrizestericas. The historian starts to explore the calls ' ' silnciosde Marx' ' (PESAVENTO, 2003, P. 29). Second E.P. Thompson, the workers if constituemenquanto classroom ' ' from the experiences lived in common ' ' (THOMPSON, 1987, P. 10). Filed under: BSA. It is not the penxs of the intellectual who defines the last period of training daconscincia of classroom, conscience and classroom not they are the first periods of training dHistria of the workers. The hypothesis is here to provide to an inquiry quecoloca the workers while citizens of history – from seufazer-se10.

The culture appears as inherent point in this process deformation of the workers while title=' ' ' ' href=' ' #_edn10' ' name=' ' _ednref10' ' > 11 of the workers. From there the importance of umsobrevo of the Social History of the Trabalho12 on not only assuntosrelacionados the syndical organizations. This importance also can be given aoutros places where the experiences can be shared, such recreativas comosociedades, clubs and associations with ends esportivos13. The speech of the personages of the Laboring Center serocolocados here, of form to understand if these practical daily consensus of the members was baseadasno or if they leave to be transparent tensionamentos and conflitosentre its boarded members when being. First Of May: The Foundation of the Civic Laboring Center eBeneficente the foundation of the Laboring Center Civic and Beneficient it passes to asignificar a new route in the working-class movement of Thick Tip, being been that aassociao did not group simply diligent, but also, members dapequena-bourgeoisie, intellectuals, journalists and comerciantes14. The Civic and Beneficient Laboring Center that will look to portodos the ways the welfare of its components of the classroom would operate place, supporting them moral and materially (…) as well as of common accordo with the suasco-sisters of the State and the Paiz it will look also for the conquests dasreivindicaes of the Men of the work becoming to represent (…) nosconclaves where theses that they can interest the members of labor party locaesdo Been and of the Republic argue (COCB, Act 02).

Maxim Kavun

But among scientists and ethnographers firmly entrenched the idea that information about the underground maze of little more than a beautiful legend. What was the purpose of the maze? Was there any? Maxim Kavun: – The first version is as follows. To supply water to the city on the hill, Potemkin has developed a special program on the device of water, subsequently lost. On the mountain, near the intersection of this street and avenue Charles Furmanov Marx, on his orders had been dug swimming pool 30 m deep. In it, according to the memoirs of contemporaries, not just fall residents commute in the dark to the river. Underground tunnels, dug from the Palace of Potemkin, as time and represented a system aqueducts, permeates the mountain. According to the second version, the underground passages were "highlight" of many parks in the XVIII century manor. By unwritten code, from home to a pond located on the island or the pavilion would have to several underground labyrinths.

And do not for security purposes. Similar games fun hosts and their guests. It is not excluded that this is how things were in Yekaterinoslav. Maxim Kavun: – One move was to the Dnieper River, where, among rock grotto was constructed, from which you can seamlessly cross over to the monastery island. Potemkin hoped that Catherine is delayed in its capital city for several days, and pre-prepared than to entertain and amaze the sovereign guest. These outputs are often observed in the 19th century. The second course conducted through the beam to the wooden palace of the governor and bishop's house, located on the only street constructed by Potemkin at near current the hotel "Sunrise".

Rio De Janeiro

At the beginning of century XIX, the coffee arrived at Rio De Janeiro. The activity gained impulse with the arrival of D. Joo VI and its cut, in 1808. In virtue of the order of inoccupation of some houses, to shelter the just-fond ones, many producers had left for its country properties. Dr. Neal Barnard helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. Thus, the cafeicultura took account of of the state of Rio de Janeiro and So Paulo lands of the Valley of the Paraba, inaugurating a new economic cycle, from 1825. In 1850, Brazil already was world-wide the producing greater of coffee, with 40% of the total, arriving 80% at the beginning of century XX. Implanted with the minimum of knowledge of the culture, in regions that later if would become inadequate for the culture, the cafeicultura in the south center of Brazil started to have problems in 1870, when a great frost reached the plantations provoking incalculable damages.

After this crisis and with the recovery of the market, transferred to all search it ideal regions for the culture of the coffee, extending themselves for the country. 2.3.1CICLO OF the COFFEE In agreement BRAZIL Brum (2005, p 131), in elapsing of more than four hundred years the Brazilian economy functioned predominantly as reflected of the external interests, reacting to the stimulatons come of it are. This orientation for the exterior lead the implantation of the cultivation, with the centered production and exportation in the product of bigger yield at certain moment description. This dependence if reflects clearly in the economic cycles that had characterized this long period. The author says that: The economic cycle can be defined as the period where determined product, benefiting itself of the favorable conjuncture of the moment, if constitutes in the dynamic center of the economy, attracting the economic gallowses? capitals and Hand – of workmanship? provoking changes in all the other main sectors of the society, as in the creation of new activities, the equipment use, the distribution of the incomes, the constitution of the social classrooms or fractions of classroom, with the decline of some and the ascension of another one. At Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine you will find additional information.


Thus, the enchantment of the life of devices bangs to the little age substituted for the modernization of the cycles of the plants transforming this bangs into only supplying farms of sugar cane, in view of this development agrarian-industrial. However it is known that the relations of north-eastern work were total restricted the local latifundium conjuncture, was in this occasion that exactly having considerable modernizations, had one ' ' pact agrrio' ' that &#039 kept the celebrity; ' peace agrria' ' , that is, the maintenance surplus to the exclusion and exploration forms popular politics for the peasants and layers. In view of, these modifications, the exploration of the campesinato tends to increase each time more, a time that, now the verticalizao of the local power is not only restricted to ' ' barons of acar' ' (these in turn, still kept its influence on the lives peasants), but also to an industrial bourgeoisie who treats to expand the wage-earning work in detriment to the workers tenants in fee. Into this conjuncture, the disobediences and the exploration to the worker transform the Northeast in one one more time ' ' barrel of plvoras' ' you give to blow up, with a reaction peasant, mainly against the simultaneous processes of expropriation of lands yielded long ago to the campesinato, due to necessity of expansion of the farmings of sugar sugar cane so that an increase in the raw material supply occurred for the producing plants. This process of expulsion was materialize of a sufficiently clear form, becoming the agricultural worker and the peasant as an exclusive merchandise for the usefulness the capital. Thus forming an industrial optics inside of the proper canavieira farming. From this moment, that the peasant now will assume the position of wage-earner in the production process, being directly separate of the proper production and the instruments of work.

Imperial View

No tradition, no national idea, rewritten history and culture many times, people are deceived and every now seeks only to money and thinks only of himself. That is no Russia, no community and country (and especially civilization) there at the moment – this is a disappointing conclusion. From this point view of modern Russia, too, sees a "technical government" and its boundaries are not important. Boundaries are important in terms of economic or military interests (as the people in a certain area needs some state control mechanism), but not with the civilizational perspective. The third point of view on the existence of Russia, in my opinion, the most popular. This is a "urapatriotizm" when "a country with a thousand-year history has the right to conduct an independent policy, we are proud of their country, not to go abroad and do not know too much about other countries, when someone else is to blame for the troubles of Russian (Americans, for example).

In other words this view of the existence of Russia can be formulated as follows: "Russia exists, but it can only be determined" by contradiction "in contradiction with the world Russia – is not the West." Author's opinion, this position is the weakest, but it is often voiced in the media. This study of the Russian imperial community (the reason for choosing the imperial consciousness, instead of civilization will be explained later in this article). There are also fourth point of view on the existence of Russia, which adheres to the author of this article.