Environmental tourism is the phenomenon of increased travel to places of environmental interest and where its wealth is the fauna and flora, as well as the large existing natural resources. Trips that focus on the ecological environment of the target, basically this is respecting the ecology of the planet and the environment, they are usually brimming with natural beauty and very amazing places. Similarly, environmental tourism can include trips to unique areas and endangered species, as for example the Galapagos Islands. In addition to duty stations that are conspicuous by their uniqueness, many people flock to the environmental tourism to volunteers with a determinadad mission mode. The above is a form of tourism in which people travel to a destination for a short period of time to volunteer in any mission and specific function. In the case of environmental tourism, volunteering means travel to an ecologically fragile world part to offer help in the repair of it, such as cleaning a spill of petroleum products and everything the environment affected by him.
The concept of ecological tourism makes a direct allusion to the ecological and socio-cultural concerns of the world through first hand experience, therefore in this type of tourism is more active in conservation and the change of the environment towards its preservation. This idea was developed at the end of 1980 from the awareness of consumers increasing issues related to conservation and responsible consumption of resources. Environmental tourism is not only an adventure in the desert, intended to help save the planet, but the tourism industry also expands and makes it more profitable for countries developing where jobs are scarce and economies is maintained in constant struggle. Although the environmental objectives of tourism are determined by good intentions, sometimes there are negative consequences that derive from the practice, thanks to individuals and entities without scruples that will hide behind this name and the care of the environment to enrich himself affecting the natural environment. When people travel to places that have historically suffered from inequality, the only fact of being against the local population inevitably impacts the environment and culture of the place. The first impact on the environment comes from the fact of reaching your destination. Trips to remote places where wildlife flourishes can be costly to the environment due to the use of fuel. The accommodation and the lifestyle of people can also impact the local environment.
The construction of new accommodations often means the destruction of a natural ecosystem, everything to live a Western lifestyle in a developing country where means inadequate waste disposal, while the importance of recycling is forgotten altogether. In a socio-cultural sense, environmental tourism can present a problem with the displacement of people and resources, as well as it also endangers their everyday habits through the introduction of new customs of other alien cultures. By lo both, in an effort to achieve greater efficiency in environmental tourism, a focus on responsible and sustainable tourism objectives must be that remain stable this concept. With this end, there must be greater regulation, as well as a good education for travellers and a high respect for the environment. With these measures, local communities will have greater control over the conservation of their environment and culture while continuing to reap the benefits of environmental tourism.